TCRP Synthesis Report 93—Practices to Protect Bus Operators from Passenger Assault

Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP); 2011

Nakanishi, Y—Nakanishi Research and Consulting, LLC; Fleming, W.—Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police

Abstract: TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 93: Practices to Protect Bus Operators from Passenger Assault highlights practices and policies implemented by transit agencies to deter and mitigate assaults on bus operators.

Transit Safety Management and Performance Measurement—Volume 1: Guidebook

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This guidebook was prepared with the objective of providing resource information for transit agencies and the FTA regarding the development and implementation of Safety Management Systems (SMS) and Safety Performance Measurement Systems (SPMS). SMS offer the most promising means of preventing public transportation accidents by integrating safety into all aspects of a transit system's activities, from planning to design to construction to operations to maintenance. Safety management is based on the fact that there will always be hazards and risks in public transportation. Therefore, systematic and proactive management is needed to identify and control these risks before they lead to mishaps. Transitioning to safety management will require a cultural transformation on the part of both the transit industry and FTA. Performance measurement is a key component of safety management. Measurement brings clarity to vague concepts, helps transit agencies identify gaps in safety performance, and forces management and governing boards to take action to improve performance.

Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies

U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Highway Administration


The guide is intended to provide transit agency staff with an easy-to-use resource for improving pedestrian safety. The guide includes a variety of approaches to address common pedestrian issues that are likely to arise near transit stations, bus stops, and other places where transit (bus or rail) is operated. It provides references to publications, guides and other tools to identify pedestrian safety problems.

Evacuating Populations with Special Needs

U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Highway Administration

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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) proudly presents this primer, Evacuating Populations with Special Needs, as the third in the Routes to Effective Evacuation Planning primer series. This installment focuses on evacuating people who need assistance in leaving an area, particularly people with disabilities, aging populations, people living in congregate or residential care facilities, and those with household pets. We developed this primer to assist transportation agencies, emergency managers, first responders, and special needs service organizations understand applicable legislation—including new legislation passed after the Hurricane Katrina response—and develop and implement evacuations of special needs populations. We hope this primer helps planners and responders better understand the needs of people with disabilities, the aging population, and others with special needs.

Crashworthiness and Safety of Public Transportation Buses

FAMU-FSU College of Engineering

December 2002

Final Report by:
Dr. Jerry Wekezer P.E.
Dr. Leslaw Kwasniewski
Hongy Li
Ravi Nimbalkar

**Only one copy available for checkout**

This research project was carried out to investigate the crashworthiness and passenger safety of modified body-on-chassis buses. The intention of this research was to create data useful for future development of recommendations for bus body manufactures. The unique safety requirements and the lack of strict structural standards arouse the need for crashworthiness and safety evaluation for this category of vehicles.

TCRP Report 69: Light Rail Service: Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety

Korve, Hans and Odgen, Brent; Transportation Research Board; 2001

This TCRP Report provides documentation and presents the results of a study to improve the safety of light rail transit (LRT) in semi-exclusive rights-of-way where light rail vehicles operate at speeds greater than 35 mph through crossings with streets and pedestrians pathways.


Have A Nice Day! Prepare, Identify, De-escalate, Defend (CD)

San Diego Transit, National Transit Institute; 2001

Teaches operators skills and techniques for maintaining a safe environment on their buses. It encourages operators to focus on what they can do to help ensure that they have a nice day-every day. The program includes interactive lessons on preventing problems from the start, managing situations so they don't escalate out of control, and defending against a physical attack when all else fails.

AARP Take a Walk: AARP Driver Safety & Mobility Options

Walking is the oldest and most basic form of travel. Walking is the second most used method of transportation. It is the primary way that people connect to other means of travel (e.g., driving, public transportation, etc.). In this booklet, AAR provides a quiz to test your knowledge about staying safe.